在编译文章时注意到一个词的两种拼法,深深感觉到我们从小接受的外语教育简直是瞎几把扯蛋,整理了一下搜集到的东西如下(来自grammarist.com和grammarly.com):

  • 对美国人和加拿大人,program是正确说法,根本不用programme。
  • 对澳大利亚人,program和programme都可以用。近几十年一直在稳步推行program,而programme很不常见,很少但是会在媒体和官方出版物中使用。
  • 对新西兰人,倾向于英国的拼法和用法,政府和媒体则倾向于programme。
  • 对英国人,programme是首选拼法,但program会更经常用在计算机相关文本中。
  • Program的变体:programs, programming, programmer, programmed;
  • Programme的变体:programmes, programming, programmer, programmed。

数十年前,program出现在美国和英国的书面语言中。在十九世纪,英国人更欣赏法式拼法(也许因为他们的亲戚关系,也许因为当时这样更有逼格,也许是闲的蛋疼)。

无论如何拼写,它的意思都是:行动、活动或程序的计划,通常用于特定的明确的目的,还有一个含义是,指代与事件相关联的行为的列表,或表演者的列表例如戏剧或音乐会。

Program也可以作为动词,意味着设置,调节或修改以产生特定结果。

https://s.click.taobao.com/TFpvK7w

在提到编写程序代码时,英国人和美国人都使用program作为首选拼写。

例子:

  • The school started a morning breakfast program before classes.
  • The computer whiz programmed his computer to wake him up thirty minutes after sunrise.
  • The backup dancer cried when she realized her name was not included in the program .

Program in the US

“By age 18, children not served by the Chicago CPC program were 70 percent more likely to be arrested for a violent crime,” he said. “And, by age 24, those who were served by the program were 20 percent less likely to have served time in a jail or prison. By age 27, children not served by the Perry Preschool program were five times more likely to be chronic offenders, with five or more arrests.”

Among the gadgets is Code-A-Pillar, a caterpillar-shaped robot comprised of interchangeable segments, each of which adds a different movement command to the overall contraption, allowing the stripling scholars to program its behavior as they work out a pattern that gets the bot from Point A to Point B.

Program and Programme Outside the US

An accomplished dancer and part of the academy’s professional training program , she recently placed third in the Youth American Grand Prix (YAGP) of dance in the senior classical ballet category.
Libratus, an artificial intelligence program developed at Carnegie Mellon University, was trained to play a variant of the game known as no-limit heads-up Texas hold ’em
An Irish scientist will feature in a BBC television programme on Wednesday night, to discuss the apparent health benefits of eating fermented foods.